Gate to the World of Energy - online information portal and knowledge base
  
                     
Nuclear energy

One of the largest and best-known application areas of nuclear power is energy production.According to the data of the International Atomic Energy Agency nuclear powerplant blocks operated in 30 countries in 2008. In that year no more new blocks have been put into operation, moreover one was even closed (2 Bohunice, Slovakia). The share of nuclear power plants in the electricity production worldwide was about 15%. The building of ten new nuclear power plants began in 2008. Currently in the world 44 blocks are under construction. Besides the energetic utilisation the filed of application of radioactive isotopes and ionizing radiation includes health care, industry, agriculture, scientific research and education as well. Radioactive materials and ionizing radiation are widely used in medicine for diagnostic and cancer therapeutic purposes.  The X-ray examinations and radiation sterilized single-use medical devices and methods are essential tools in medical practice. The ionizing radiation is effectively used in food packaging and to kill harmful micro-organisms in the from tropical countries. The industrial radiography has become a day-to-day procedure in revealing errors of machines and spare in preventing disturbances resulting from defects of materials. Radioactive isotopes and ionizing radiation play an important role in many other areas of industry, in agriculture and scientific research.


Source: OAH [2008]: "Safety of applied nuclear energy in Hungary", original here
Republished upon OAH's approval
Translated by Mónika Galántai
Image: Brüsszel, Atomium



Nuclear-news Print E-mail
We are sorry, this content is available in Hungarian only.
Read more...
 
Nuclear questions are still pending Print E-mail
We are sorry, this content currently is available in Hungarian only.
English translation is pending...
Read more...
 
State based security Print E-mail
We are sorry, this content currently is available in Hungarian only.
English translation is pending...
Read more...
 
Nuclear facilities Print E-mail
altWe are sorry, this content currently is available in Hungarian only.
English translation is pending...
Read more...
 
The Hungarian nuclear energy sector Print E-mail

The first Hungarian reactor was built for research purposes at Csilleberc on the outskirts of Budapest in 1959. The reactor, of soviet origin and refurbished by Hungarian experts after 30 years of operation, was put into operation again by the Nuclear Energy Research Institute in 1993. In 1966, it was decided to construct a larger nuclear power plant in Hungary. The decision taken concerned two WWER-440 type, 230 model, reactors.

Read more...